Table 1

Characteristics of persons with diagnosed personality disorder dispensed antipsychotic medication and those not dispensed medication in 2007–2016 (n=166 328)

No medication cohortMedication cohortP value
Person-years (%)Person-years (%)
Age group, yearsP<0.001
 18–24125 122 (17)102 560 (15)
 25–34183 091 (26)165 916 (24)
 35–49247 802 (35)258 785 (37)
 50–64159 421 (22)170 287 (24)
GenderP<0.001
 Men286 592 (40)315 588 (45)
 Women428 844 (60)383 960 (55)
Educational levelP<0.001
 Higher415 451 (58)328 750 (47)
 Basic299 985 (42)368 798 (53)
Living arrangementP<0.001
 Married or cohabiting326 756 (46)259 576 (37)
 Living alone388 680 (54)437 972 (63)
Personality disorder*P<0.001
 Paranoid2045 (2)3365 (4)
 Schizoid2762 (3)3929 (5)
 Dissocial3951 (5)6793 (9)
 Emotionally unstable34 249 (39)42 987 (54)
 Histrionic1554 (2)2156 (3)
 Anankastic2144 (3)2373 (3)
 Anxious13 179 (15)12 859 (16)
 Dependent4667 (5)5645 (7)
 Other specific4659 (5)5420 (7)
 Unspecified33 280 (38)36 883 (47)
 Mixed and other11 374 (13)14 804 (19)
Medication†
 Antipsychotics79 253 (100)
 Antidepressants49 325 (57)63 765 (80)P<0.001
 Hypnotics/anxiolytics35 638 (41)56 494 (71)P<0.001
 Adrenergic inhalants6934 (8)8819 (11)P<0.001
Total
 Individuals87 075 (100)79 253 (100)
 Person-years at risk715 436 (100)697 548 (100)
  • *Number with proportion (%) in personality disorder refers to number of individuals that have been registered with the diagnosis in question during the follow-up.

  • †Number with proportion (%) in medication refers to number of individuals that have at least one dispense of antipsychotic medication during follow-up.