Table 2

Analysis of effects of MBPs at follow-up assessment

kNo of effect sizesTotal nIntervention effectsHeterogeneityPublication bias (Egger)
Mean effect size (d)SE95% CIzP valueQ valueP valueI2 tP value
Anxiety/stress92194670.050.05(−0.04 to 0.14)1.140.2623.57<0.05441.520.16
Attention581540.720.48(−0.22 to 1.66)1.490.1425.13<0.01840.060.96
Depression111614 7330.010.03(−0.04 to 0.07)0.390.7034.26<0.01530.650.53
Executive functions92885490.280.15(−0.02 to 0.57)1.810.0763.38<0.01841.350.21
Mindfulness13479618−0.010.47(−0.11 to 0.08)−0.280.7833.67<0.05541.600.13
Negative behaviour61183960.100.11(−0.12 to 0.32)0.860.3914.72<0.05660.080.44
Social behaviour71589110.110.07(−0.01 to 0.24)1.770.0834.41<0.01681.780.09
Well-being81812 0140.000.02(−0.04 to 0.03)0.020.995.720.98400.640.53
  • d, cohen’s d; k, number of studies; MBPs, mindfulness-based programmes; n, number of participants; p, significance level; Q, positive false discovery rate; t, Egger’s regression; z, number of standard deviations from the mean.