Table 3

Comparison of selected PROMs based on main meta-information extracted from the PECUNIA PROM-MH Compendium

15D familyEQ-5D family
15D16D17DEQ-5D-3LEQ-5D-5LEQ-5D-Y
Year of first publication199334199635199636199037201113201038
Country of originFinlandFinlandFinlandUKUKUK
Main category of outcome measurement*QOL/Well-beingQOL/Well-beingQOL/Well-beingQOL/Well-beingQOL/Well-beingQOL/Well-being
Subcategory of outcome measurement† (multisectoral)Health-related QOLHealth-related QOLHealth-related QOLHealth-related QOLHealth-related QOLHealth-related QOL
Generic/Mental health specificGenericGenericGenericGenericGenericGeneric
Target age group‡ (multiperson)AdultsAdolescentsChildrenAdultsAdultsChildren, adolescents
No. of items151617555
Levels of answers555353
Approximate time to complete5 min5–10 min20–30 min1–2 min2–3 min1–3 min
Standard recall period§Day of completionDay of completionDay of completionDay of completionDay of completionDay of completion
Person completing instrument¶ (multiperson)Self-reported, proxy-reported, interviewer-administrationSelf-reported, proxy-reported, interviewer-administrationSelf-reported, proxy-reported, interviewer-administrationSelf-reported, proxy-reported, interviewer-administrationSelf-reported, proxy-reported, interviewer-administrationSelf-reported, proxy-reported
Modes of administration**Paper-based, computer-based14Paper-based, computer-based14Paper-based, computer-based14Paper-based, computer-based, telephone-administration, other (interactive voice response)39Paper-based, computer-based, telephone-administration, other (interactive voice response)40Paper-based, computer-based41
Other language versions available (multinational)YesYesYesYesYesYes
Approximate no. of known translations324254254218043150444045
Answer scaleLikert scaleLikert scaleLikert scaleLikert scaleLikert scaleLikert scale
Level-sum scoring (min-max)Not knownNot knownNot knownDescriptive data are presented as the percentage reporting each level in each dimensionDescriptive data are presented as the percentage reporting each level in each dimensionDescriptive data are presented as the percentage reporting each level in each dimension
Weighted preference-based scoring (economic evaluations)YesYesYesYesYesNo (in development)
Approximate number of preference-based value sets (multinational)34613513641472148Not applicable
Technique of valuation††VASVASVASTTO, VASTTO, DCENot applicable
Availability of validation studies in mental healthNot knownNot knownNot knownYes (anxiety disorders, depression, personality disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, schizophrenia/psychosis, mental health not specified)Yes (depression, personality disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, opiate use disorder)Not known
Date of meta-data3 April 20203 April 20203 April 20203 April 20203 April 20203 April 2020
  • *Possible entry options: QOL/well-being; recovery.

  • †Possible entry options: QOL/well-being; health-related QOL; capabilities; care-related QOL; social care-related QOL; recovery; family well-being; health status; happiness; life satisfaction; positive mental health.

  • ‡Possible entry options: children (aged 0–10 years); adolescents (aged 11–16 years); adults (aged 16+ years); older adults (aged 65+ years).

  • §Possible entry options: day of completion (your health today); past week; past 2 weeks; past 4 weeks/past month; past 3 months; other (specify); not known.

  • ¶Possible entry options: self-reported; proxy-reported; parent-reported; caregiver/family member-reported; interviewer-administration.

  • **Possible entry options: paper-based administration; computer-based administration (E-version); telephone administration; other (specify).

  • ††Possible entry options: TTO, VAS, SG, DCE, BWS, other (specify), not applicable.

  • BWS, best-worst scaling; 15D, 15D instrument of health-related QOL; 16D, 16D instrument of health-related QOL; 17D, 17D instrument of health-related QOL; DCE, discrete choice experiment; EQ-5D-3L, EuroQoL Five Dimensions 3L; EQ-5D-5L, EuroQoL Five Dimensions 5L; EQ-5D-Y, EuroQol Five Dimensions Youth; QOL, quality of life; SG, standard gamble; TTO, time trade-off; VAS, Visual Analogue Scale.