Table 3

Pearson’s correlation between the CBT Skills, the PHQ-9, the GAD-7 and the Big Five Personality (n=847)

SMBACRATPSPHQ-9GAD-7NeuroticismExtroversionOpennessConscientiousnessAgreeableness
CBT skills
 SM1
 BA0.17**
(0.10 to 0.23)
1
 CR0.11**
(0.04 to 0.17)
0.36**
(0.30 to 0.42)
1
 AT0.11**
(0.04 to 18)
0.24**
(0.17 to 0.30)
0.26**
(0.20 to 0.32)
1
 PS0.07
(0.00 to 0.14)
0.20**
(0.13 to 0.26)
0.34**
(0.28 to 0.40)
0.21**
(0.14 to 0.27)
1
PHQ-9−0.35**
(−41 to −0.29)
−0.37**
(−0.42 to −0.31)
−0.19**
(−0.25 to −0.12)
−0.21**
(−27 to −0.14)
−0.05
(−12 to 0.02)
 1
GAD-7−0.24**
(−30 to −0.18)
−0.17**
(−0.23 to −0.10)
−0.08
(−0.15 to −0.01)
−0.17**
(−0.23 to −0.10)
−0.02
(−0.09 to 0.05)
 0.43**
 (0.37 to 0.48)
1
Big Five
 Neuroticism−0.24**
(−30 to −0.18)
−0.23**
(−0.29 to −0.17)
−0.18**
(−24 to −11)
−0.31**
(−0.37 to −0.25)
0.02
(−0.05 to 0.09)
 0.33**
 (0.27 to 0.39)
0.51**
(0.46 to 0.56)
 1
 Extroversion0.05
(−0.02 to 0.12)
0.25**
(0.19 to 0.31)
0.19**
(0.12 to 0.25)
0.34**
(0.28 to 0.40)
0.07*
(0.00 to 0.14)
 −0.15**
 (−0.22 to −0.08)
−0.08
(−0.15 to −0.01)
 −0.20**
 (−0.26 to −0.13)
1
 Openness−0.01
(−0.08 to 0.06)
0.22**
(0.15 to 0.28)
0.28**
(0.22 to 0.34)
0.33**
(0.27 to 0.39)
0.22**
(0.15 to 0.28)
 −0.10**
 (−0.17 to −0.03)
−0.02
(−0.09 to 0.04)
 −0.18**
 (−0.24 to −0.11)
0.40**
(0.34 to 0.46)
1
 Conscientiousness0.05
(−0.02 to −0.12)
0.30**
(0.24 to 0.36)
0.24**
(0.18 to 0.30)
0.06
(−0.01 to 0.13)
0.37**
(0.31 to 0.43)
 −0.15**
 (−0.22 to −0.08)
0.03
(−0.04 to 0.1)
 0.05
 (−0.02 to 0.11)
−0.06
(−0.13 to 0.01)
0.10**
(0.03 to 0.17)
1
 Agreeableness0.12**
(0.05 to 0.09)
0.16**
(0.09 to 0.22)
0.21**
(0.14 to 0.27)
−0.01
(−0.08 to 0.06)
0.20**
(0.13 to 0.26)
 −0.11**
 (−0.18 to −0.04)
−0.23**
(−0.29 to −0.17)
 −0.16**
 (−0.22 to −0.09)
0.06
(−0.01 to 0.13)
0.19**
(0.12 to 0.25)
0.21**
(0.14 to 0.27)
1
  • Values in parentheses show the 95% CIs.

  • **p<0.01, *p<0.05.

  • AT, assertiveness training; BA, behavioural activation; Big Five, Big Five Scale of Personality Trait; CR, cognitive restructuring; GAD-7, Generalised Anxiety Disorder-7; PHQ-9, Patient Health Questionnaire-9; PS, problem-solving; SM, self-monitoring.