Table 1

Medication class groupings for treatment of IBD and mental health conditions

Medication classMedications
Medication for IBD
Topical 5-ASAMesalazine, sulfasalazine
Topical glucocorticoidsBudesonide, hydrocortisone, prednisolone
Oral 5-ASABalsalazide, mesalazine, olsalazine, sulfasalazine
Oral glucocorticoidsPrednisolone, cortisone, dexamethasone, methylprednisolone, beclomethasone, betamethasone, budesonide, deflazacort
AntimetabolitesAzathioprine, mercaptopurine, methotrexate
Biological therapiesAdalimumab, golimumab, infliximab, vedolizumab
Medications for mental health conditions
SSRIs and related medicationVenlafaxine, bupropion, duloxetine, naltrexone, citalopram, dapoxetine, escitalopram, fluoxetine, fluvoxamine, paroxetine, sertraline
TCAsAmitriptyline, clomipramine, dosulepin, doxepin, mianserin, trazodone, trimipramine, imipramine, lofepramine, nortriptyline
MAOIsTranylcypromine, phenelzine, isocarboxazid, moclobemide
Anxiolytic medicationsAlprazolam, chlordiazepoxide, clobazam, clonazepam, diazepam, lorazepam, oxazepam, buspirone, meprobamate, clomipramine, clomethiazole
  • 5-ASA, 5-aminosalicylic acid; IBD, inflammatory bowel disease; MAOI, monoamine oxidase inhibitors; SSRI, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors; TCA, tricyclic antidepressants.