Table 2

App attributes/features from 2019 (2018).

Anxiety n=20
2019 (2018)
Schizophrenia n=20
2019 (2018)
Depression n=20
2019 (2018)
Diabetes n=20
2019 (2018)
Addiction n=20
2019 (2018)
Hypertension n=20
2019 (2018)
Average
n=120
2019 (2018)
Surveys (in)70% (60%)35% (35%)75% (70%)65% (40%)45% (30%)40% (40%)55% (45.8%)
GPS (in)20% (30%)5% (20%)40% (30%)35% (70%)*15% (30%)0% (15%)19.2% (32.5%)
Call/Text logs (in)5% (10%)0% (0%)0% (10%)0% (10%)0% (15%)0% (0%)0.8% (7.5)%*
Camera (in)20% (25%)15% (0%)20% (15%)40% (45%)20% (10%)5% (0%)20% (15.8%)
Microphone (in)15% (25%)0% (5%)15% (20%)5% (5%)5% (5%)0% (5%)6.7% (10.8%)*
Device integration (eg, smartwatch) (in)10% (30%)15% (10%)5% (25%)55% (55%)0% (0%)15% (25%)16.7% (24.2%)
Diary (in)55% (40%)15% (20%)55% (50%)55% (25%)40% (30%)20% (25%)40% (31.7%)
Contact list (in)15% (25%)15% (5%)5% (25%)15% (45%)*5% (15%)5% (5%)10% (20%)
Steps/Other Apple HealthKit or Google Fit Data (in)20% (25%)10% (10%)15% (25%)65% (60%)0% (0%)55% (35%)27.5% (25.8%)
Games (in)15% (10%)10% (10%)5% (10%)0% (0%)20% (15%)5% (10%)9.2% (9.2%)
Pop-up messages (out)85% (75%)25% (20%)85% (80%)70% (60%)75% (70%)30% (30%)61.7% (55.8%)*
Reference information (out)70% (65%)85% (90%)55% (80%)70% (70%)30% (70%)*30% (70%)*56.7% (74.2%)
Social network connections (out)20% (30%)20% (20%)10% (25%)30% (25%)40% (40%)0% (0%)20% (23.3%)
Analysing data to return insights (out)80% (80%)15% (20%)80% (80%)65% (75%)75% (75%)55% (50%)61.7% (63.3%)
Linking to formal care or coaching35% (30%)5% (20%)30% (45%)5% (30%)30% (25%)0% (5%)17.5% (25.8%)
In app rewards or badges30% (40%)0% (5%)10% (20%)20% (0%)*55% (70%)0% (0%)19.2% (22.5%)
In app interventions (eg, CBT)80% (65%)5% (10%)60% (55%)30% (60%)25% (30%)5% (5%)34.2% (37.5%)
Mean flag rating1.05 (1.2)*0.55 (0.3)*0.95 (0.9)1.4 (1.4)0.75 (0.9)*0.75 (0.55)0.91 (0.88)
  • CBT, cognitive behavioural therapy.