Behavioural treatments v no treatment or other treatments for chronic low back pain

ComparisonNumber of trialsOutcomes at post-treatmentPooled effect size (ES) (95% CI)Controls with a worse outcome than treated (CI)*
Behavioural treatment v no treatment, waiting list control, or placebo7Pain intensity0.62 (0.25 to 0.98)73% (60 to 84)
Generic functional status0.35 (−0.04 to 0.74)64% (48 to 77)
Behavioural outcomes0.40 (0.10 to 0.70)64% (54 to 76)
Behavioural treatment and another treatment v other treatment alone6
Pain intensity0.03 (−0.30 to 0.36)51% (38 to 64)
Generic functional status0.31 (−0.01 to 0.64)62% (50 to 74)
Behavioural outcomes0.19 (−0.08 to 0.45)58% (47 to 67)
Outcomes at ≥6 months
*See glossary; calculated from data in article.
Pain intensity−0.24 (−0.64 to 0.16)41% (26 to 56)
Generic functional status0.26 (−0.06 to 0.57)60% (48 to 72)
Behavioural outcomes0.32 (−0.06 to 0.71)63% (48 to 76)