Associations between early life disadvantages and depression

Risk factorsAdjusted OR (95% CI)*
*OR=odds ratio, which was adjusted for sex and types of disadvantages.
Multiple disadvantages at age 5 years2.2 (1.4 to 3.4)
Female sex1.6 (1.0 to 2.5)
Family or marital instability1.7 (1.1 to 2.8)
Social dependence and overcrowding2.0 (1.2 to 3.3)
Poor physical care and poor mothering3.1 (1.0 to 9.1)
Poor physical care, poor mothering, and female sex1.8 (1.1 to 2.9)