Association between baseline depressive symptoms and smoking patterns in adolescents

Outcomes after 4 yearsAdjusted odds ratio (95% CI)
*Adjusted for race, school performance, risk taking behaviour, presence of smokers in household, and region.
†Not significant. Adjusted for race, school performance, risk taking behaviour, presence of smokers in household, region, and parental education.
Smoking initiation rate1.3 (1.1 to 1.6)*
Smoking cessation rate0.7 (0.5 to 1.1)†