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High risk cognitive style predicts onset of depression

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Q Does a negative (high risk) cognitive style predict first onset depression, recurrence of depression, and other Axis I disorders?


Embedded ImageDesign:

Prospective cohort study.

Embedded ImageFollow up period:

2.5 years.

Embedded ImageSetting:

Temple University and University of Wisconsin, USA; time period not stated.

Embedded ImagePeople:

347 freshmen selected for the Temple-Wisconsin Cognitive Vulnerability of Depression Project. Inclusion criteria: high risk or low risk cognitive style (highest quartile or lowest quartile on both the Cognitive Style Questionnaire and the Dysfunctional Attitudes Scale respectively). Exclusion criteria: ⩾30 years old; serious medical illness; current mood disorder or other Axis I disorder (expanded Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia-Lifetime, DSM-III-R and research diagnostic criteria (RDC)).

Embedded ImageRisk factors:

Cognitive style (high risk (most negative) v low risk (most positive)).

Embedded ImageOutcomes:

Diagnosis of …

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  • For correspondence: Lauren B Alloy, Department of Psychology, Temple University, 1701 North 13th Street, Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA; lalloy{at}

  • Source of funding: National Institute of Mental Health Grant MH 48216.