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Excessive alcohol consumption is not a risk factor for anxiety and depression, nor are anxiety and depression a risk factor for excessive alcohol consumption

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Q Analysis 1: is excessive alcohol consumption a risk factor for anxiety and depression? Analysis 2: is anxiety and depression a risk factor for excessive alcohol consumption?


Embedded ImageDesign:

Prospective population based cohort study.

Embedded ImageFollow up period:

18 months.

Embedded ImageSetting:

General population, Great Britain; 2000 to 2002.

Embedded ImagePeople:

2406 participants with baseline, follow up, and demographic data from the Psychiatric Morbidity Among Adults Living in Private Households 2000 study. Exclusion criteria: Analysis 1—Clinical Interview Schedule-Revised (CIS-R) score ⩾12 at baseline; Analysis 2—binge drinkers (>6 drinks on one occasion at least monthly), hazardous drinkers (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) ⩾8), or dependent on alcohol (AUDIT ⩾10 and Severity of Alcohol Dependence Questionnaire ⩾4) at baseline.

Embedded ImageRisk factors:

Analysis 1: excessive alcohol consumption (hazardous, above …

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  • For correspondence: Dr Jonathon C Haynes, Academic Unit of Psychiatry, Department of Community Based Medicine, University of Bristol, Cotham House, Cotham Hill, Bristol BS6 6JL, UK; jon.haynes{at}

  • Funding: Department of Health and Scottish Executive Health Department.

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