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Q Does the use of case management and/or vouchers for free methadone maintenance treatment encourage people abusing opioids to enroll in drug abuse treatment programmes?
Randomised controlled trial.
Follow up period:
San Francisco General Hospital, USA; recruitment June 2000 to October 2002.
126 people aged 18–65 years currently using heroin (average age 43 years; 77% men; 83% homeless; average of 18 years of heroin use). Exclusions: <2 years of heroin dependence; <2 prior treatment attempts; using heroin <15 days a month; psychosis; other serious medical problems; intoxicated, sedated or asleep; in police custody or awaiting incarceration; already scheduled for case management or drug abuse treatment; leaving the area within 6 months; or already participating in a research study.
Case management, vouchers, case management plus vouchers, or usual care. Case management: participants assigned a case manager who …
For correspondence: James L Sorensen, Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco General Hospital, Building 20, Room 2117, 1001 Potrero Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA;
Source of funding: National Institute on Drug Abuse, USA.
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