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The Anxiety Change Expectancy Scale score shows high internal validity and correlation with validated measures of anxiety, self-esteem, and hopelessness in varied settings

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Q Is the newly developed Anxiety Change Expectancy Scale (ACES) effective in measuring efficacy expectancy in people with anxiety disorders?


Embedded ImageDesign:

Cohort studies.

Embedded ImageSetting:

Canada; timeframe not stated.

Embedded ImagePatients:

Study 1: 202 university undergraduates (72% women; average age 20.2 years) who identified themselves as experiencing difficulties with anxiety. Study 2: 184 individuals (82% women; average age 47.4 years) who responded to newspaper advertisements for people experiencing anxiety problems. Study 3 (clinical sample): 43 individuals with DSM-IV generalised anxiety disorder (79% women; mean age 37.9 years). All participants had at least one comorbid axis I disorder, including social phobia (60%) and major depression (51%).

Embedded ImageTest:

The ACES, a 20 item self-reporting survey that assesses current anticipation of being able to change an individual’s anxiety level. Each item is scored 1 (strongly disagree) to 5 (strongly agree) on a Likert …

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  • For correspondence: David J A Dozois, Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada N6G 5C2; ddozois{at}

  • Source of funding: Ontario Mental Health Foundation.

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