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Supported employment interventions are effective for people with severe mental illness

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Q Does a supported employment intervention improve outcomes for people with severe mental illness?


Embedded ImageDesign:

Randomised controlled trial.

Embedded ImageAllocation:

Not clear.

Embedded ImageBlinding:

Not clear.

Embedded ImageFollow up period:

Twenty four months.

Embedded ImageSetting:

Six urban sites and one rural site in seven US states between February 1996 and May 2000.

Embedded ImagePatients:

1273 unemployed psychiatric outpatients, aged 18 years or older, with severe and persistent mental illness (Center for Mental Health Services criteria).

Embedded ImageIntervention:

Supported employment intervention: integrated vocational services (including individual tailored job search, competitive job placement, and vocational support), psychiatric and case management provided by a multidisciplinary team. Each site organised its own intervention based on the supported employment …

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  • For correspondence: Judith Cook, PhD, Department of Psychiatry, University of Illinois at Chicago, 104 S Michigan Ave, Suite 900, Chicago, IL 60603, USA; cook{at}

  • Sources of funding: Center for Mental Health Services/Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (CMHS/SAMHSA).

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