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Randomised controlled trial.
Follow up period:
Thirty three university and community based psychiatric practices, USA; 1995–97.
221 people 18 years or over with bipolar disorder (DSM-IV) hospitalised for an acute manic or mixed episode. Exclusions: serious neurological abnormalities; seizure disorders; drug or AIDS induced mania; uncontrolled medical comorbidity; taking anticoagulants; breastfeeding or likely to become pregnant.
Divalproex sodium (15–20 mg/kg/day) or lithium (up to 1800 mg/day in the acute treatment phase; 900–1200 mg/day in the maintenance phase). All participants also received usual psychiatric care.
Quality of life (QOL; …
For correspondence: D A Revicki, Center for Health Outcomes Research, MEDTAP International, 7101 Wisconsin Avenue, Suite 600, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA;
Sources of funding: Abbott Laboratories, Abbott Park, Illinois, USA