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Cognitive behavioural therapy reduces nocturnal panic in people with panic disorder

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Q Is cognitive behavioural therapy effective for people who experience nocturnal panic?


Embedded ImageDesign:

Randomised controlled trial.

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Embedded ImageFollow up period:

Ten weeks.

Embedded ImageSetting:

California, USA; time period not stated.

Embedded ImagePatients:

Forty three people with DSM-IV panic disorder with or without agoraphobia, with night panics for at least six months and at least two episodes in the previous month, or at least two episodes in the previous two months plus at least moderate apprehension about their recurrence (Nocturnal Panic Screen). Exclusions: bipolar disorder; psychosis; post-traumatic stress disorder; current substance dependence or abuse; neurological, cardiovascular, or respiratory disorders; pheochromocytoma; hyperthyroidism; amphetamine …

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  • For correspondence: Michelle G Craske, Department of Psychology, UCLA, 405 Hilgard Ave, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1563, USA; craske{at}

  • Sources of funding: National Institutes of Mental Health, USA.

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