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Randomised controlled trial.
Assessors blinded, nature of intervention precluded participant blinding.
Follow up period:
Hospital post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) unit, Sydney, Australia; time period not stated.
Eighty seven civilians aged 17–60 years, with acute stress disorder (ASD; DSM-IV criteria) subsequent to a motor vehicle accident (39 people) or non-sexual assault (48 people). Main exclusion criteria: history of childhood sexual abuse, psychosis, or substance abuse; organic brain disorder; or current suicidal thoughts.
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) alone: five weekly 90 minute sessions involving imaginal and in vivo exposure, cognitive restructuring, and relapse prevention techniques. Participants completed daily homework to reinforce the concepts learnt during the sessions. …
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