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Lifetime alcohol abstainers and moderate drinkers have a lower lifetime prevalence of mood and anxiety disorders than problem drinkers

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Q Is the lifetime prevalence of mood and anxiety disorders similarly high in people with high lifetime levels of alcohol consumption and in lifetime alcohol abstainers?

METHODS

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Cross-sectional study.

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Canada; date of surveys not stated.

Embedded ImagePopulation:

13 781 respondents from the National Co-morbidity Survey (NCS; n = 6780; 21–54 years old, non-institutionalised individuals) and the Mental Health Supplement of the Ontario Health Survey (OHS; n = 7001; 19–64 years old; province-wide survey), categorised into three groups based on lifetime alcohol consumption: alcohol abstainers, moderate drinkers, and problem drinkers. Abstainers reported never drinking more than 12 drinks in any one year, problem drinkers had received a DSM-III-R diagnosis of alcohol abuse, dependence or a subthreshold diagnosis of “hazardous alcohol use”, and all other respondents were categorised as moderate drinkers. …

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