Article Text

Download PDFPDF

PTSD plus depression are comorbid conditions but depression can occur independently in the acute aftermath of trauma

Statistics from Altmetric.com

OpenUrlCrossRefPubMedWeb of Science

Q Following trauma, are depression and post-traumatic stress disorder separate conditions, or are they a single traumatic stress construct?

METHODS

Embedded ImageDesign:

Prospective longitudinal study.

Embedded ImageSetting:

Victoria, Australia; timeframe not stated.

Embedded ImagePopulation:

363 people aged 18–70 years admitted to a level 1 trauma service with injuries requiring hospital stays of >1 day who were stable and without pain. Exclusions included severe brain injury or recent opioid analgesia.

Embedded ImageAssessment:

The relations between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and predictor variables were examined using canonical correlations and multinomial logistic regression.

Embedded ImageOutcomes:

PTSD was assessed with the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (DSM-IV). Participants were subsyndromal if they met re-experiencing symptoms and either avoidance or arousal symptoms criteria. Depression and minor depression were diagnosed with the Structured Clinical Interview (DSM-IV). People …

View Full Text

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.