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Review: depression and anxiety during pregnancy are strong indicators of postpartum depression

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Q What are the risk factors for postpartum depression?

METHODS

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Systematic review with meta-analyses.

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Nineteen databases of medical, psychological, and social studies, searched to 2002.

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Prospective studies (with diagnoses made 2 weeks postpartum or later, to avoid including women with postpartum blues) on non-psychotic depression starting within a year of giving birth were eligible. For inclusion, the following factors had to be clearly defined: diagnostic criteria, assessment methods, and risk factors. Also, the statistical relation between postpartum depression and any variables had to be clearly stated. Recent studies were analysed with respect …

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