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Personality disorders commonly occur in people with alcohol and drug use disorders

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Q Are personality disorders common in people with alcohol and drug use disorders?

METHODS

Embedded ImageDesign:

Cross sectional study.

Embedded ImageSetting:

Households and group housing in the USA and District of Columbia, including Hawaii and Alaska; recruited 2001–2002.

Embedded ImagePopulation:

43 093 people aged over 18 years randomly sampled from the general population. African-American, Hispanic and young adults aged 18–24 years were oversampled.

Embedded ImageAssessment:

Trained interviewers conducted face to face interviews as part of the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Alcohol and drug use disorders were assessed with the structured diagnostic Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule-DSM-IV (AUDADIS-IV). Current dependence required participants to satisfy at least three of seven DSM-IV criteria for dependence in the preceding 12 months. Alcohol abuse required at least one of four DSM-IV criteria for abuse, but not dependence. Drug …

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