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Review: repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation has antidepressant effects

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QUESTION: In patients with mood disorders or schizophrenia, how effective is repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)?

Data sources

Studies were identified by searching Medline (1966 to Jan 2000), EMBASE/Excerpta Medica (1980 to Jan 2000), Biological Abstracts, Index of Scientific and Technical Proceedings, the Meta Register of Controlled Trials, the national register, the Cochrane Library, and 5 TMS related internet sites.

Study selection

Studies were selected if they were randomised, placebo controlled trials of rTMS.

Data extraction

Data were extracted on diagnostic criteria, presence or absence of antidepressant …

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