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Both multisensory stimulation and activity sessions improved mood and behaviour in dementia in the short term

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QUESTIONS: In patients with dementia, is multisensory stimulation (MSS) more effective than activity sessions for improving behaviour and mood, and do the effects endure?

Design

Randomised {allocation concealed*}, unblinded*, controlled trial with 1 month of follow up after 4 weeks of treatment.

Setting

3 day centres in Dorset, UK (home assessments were also done).

Patients

50 patients (mean age 78 y, 50% women) who lived at home with a primary caregiver; had a diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease, or vascular or mixed dementia that was corroborated by the Cambridge Examination for Mental Disorders in the Elderly tool; had moderate to severe cognitive impairment (Mini-Mental State Examination [MMSE] score 0–17); and attended 1 of 3 day centres ≥2 days/week. …

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