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Review: women have worse outcomes than men after traumatic brain injury
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QUESTION: In patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI), do sex differences affect outcome?

Data sources

Studies were identified by searching Medline using the terms brain injuries and sex or gender.

Study selection

Studies were selected if they were articles from a peer reviewed journal or edited book published before January 1998 involving patients 12 years of age with a TBI, and 1 outcome measure was reported separately for men and women.

Data extraction

Data were extracted on TBI severity and type, time since injury, and outcome variables. The outcome variables were classified as outcome categories to allow for comparisons across similar outcomes: initial injury …

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