Article Text

Download PDFPDF
New developments in the mental health of refugee children and adolescents
  1. Matthew Hodes1,2
  1. 1 Department of Medicine, Centre for Psychiatry, Imperial College London, London, UK
  2. 2 Westminster Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service, Central and North West London NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Matthew Hodes, Centre for Psychiatry, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK; m.hodes{at}


The increase in refugees globally since 2010 and the arrival of many into Europe since 2015, around 50% of whom are under 18 years, have been the stimulus to greater investigation and publications regarding their mental health. This clinical review summarises selected themes in the field as described in the published literature since 2016. The themes include refugee statistics, premigration and postmigration experiences, psychopathology focusing on parent–child relationships, unaccompanied refugee minors and associations between resettlement, acculturation and mental health. Some important reviews and studies are discussed that address service and treatment provision. While there has been a recent increase in research in this field, more is needed into the course of psychopathology, protective factors and the promotion of integration into resettlement countries, as well as models of service delivery and treatment effectiveness.

  • anxiety disorders

Statistics from


  • Contributors MH is the sole contributor.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.