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Short-term efficacy of psychological and psychopharmacological interventions for panic disorder appears not to be different
  1. Asle Hoffart
  1. Research Institute, Modum Bad Psychiatric Center, Badeveien 287, N- 3370 Vikersund, Norway; asle.hoffart{at}

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ABSTRACT FROM: Imai H, Tajika A, Chen P, et al. Psychological therapies versus pharmacological interventions for panic disorder with or without agoraphobia in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2016;10:CD011170.

What is already known on this topic

The efficacy of psychological treatments for panic disorder — without or with agoraphobia — in comparison with waitlist, psychological placebo or pharmacological placebo controls is well established.1 Also pharmacotherapy has proved to be efficacious compared with placebo.2 However, meta-analyses directly comparing psychological and pharmacological treatments tend to be outdated.3 The aim of this paper was therefore to assess the relative efficacy and acceptability of psychological and pharmacological treatments for panic disorder in adults.

Methods of the study

The authors searched the Cochrane Common Mental Disorders Group Specialised Register on 11 September 2015. Among psychological treatments, the focus was on cognitive-behavioural, psychodynamic and supportive therapies. The main pharmacotherapies comprised tricyclic antidepressants, other antidepressants, …

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  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.

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