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ABSTRACT FROM: Hampton LH, Kaiser AP. Intervention effects on spoken-language outcomes for children with autism: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Intellect Disabil Res 2016;60:444–63.
What is already known on this topic
Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder of core social-communication impairment and behavioural inflexibility, often accompanied by delayed language development.1 A key research goal is to understand which interventions are effective, for whom and to what extent. Existing meta-analyses have considered whether particular approaches improve core symptoms, cognitive ability and adaptive behaviour in autism.2
Methods of the study
This systematic review and meta-analysis investigated the effects of early behavioural interventions on language outcomes for young children with autism (<8 years). The 26 key studies were published between 1980 and 2014 and included a total of 1738 participants (mean age =3.3 years, SD=0.91). These included data on child language outcomes following a variety of behavioural/developmental interventions versus treatment as usual (TAU). …
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.
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