Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Uncertain association between depression and stroke risk in a Chinese mega-study
  1. Eric J Brunner1,
  2. Irene R Weinreb2
  1. 1Department of Epidemiology, University College London, London, UK;
  2. 2Imperial College Health Centre, London, UK
  1. Correspondence to Professor Eric J Brunner, Department of Epidemiology, University College London, 1–19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK; e.brunner{at}

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

ABSTRACT FROM: Sun J, Ma H, Yu C, et al. Association of major depressive episodes with stroke risk in a prospective study of 0.5 million Chinese adults. Stroke 2016;47:2203–8.

What is already known on this topic

Depression may be a direct cause of stroke.1 Alternatively, an observed association between depression and stroke may be generated by indirect processes when depression is not the immediate cause.1 Thus, depression, particularly if chronic or recurrent, could act as an upstream influence leading to increased stroke risk via intervening behaviours linked with low motivation such as smoking and lack of exercise. Further, a depression–stroke association could be spurious. A non-causal explanation likely accounted for findings from 24-year follow-up of the Whitehall II cohort.1 Depressive symptoms were linked robustly to the incidence of major acute coronary events, but the association with stroke was limited to the 5-year period after psychological assessment. Depression may thus be a prodromal symptom of stroke, perhaps of vascular origin, generated by subclinical changes to the brain before the …

View Full Text


  • Twitter Follow Eric Brunner @EricJohnBrunner

  • Funding British Heart Foundation (grant number RG/13/2/30098) and Stroke Association (grant number TSA 2008/05).

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.