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Personality traits and coping styles were associated with depression in spinal cord injury

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Question In patients who have spinal cord injury (SCI), what is the relation between psychopathological response and personality traits, coping styles, and type of SCI?

Design

Cohort assembled within 6 weeks of admission to a rehabilitation unit with up to 78 weeks of follow up.

Setting

A rehabilitation unit at a hospital in Oporto, Portugal.

Patients

65 patients who were 18–75 years of age (mean age 39 y, 74% men) and were admitted to treatment in a rehabilitation unit (mean inpatient stay 24 weeks [range 3–78 weeks]). Exclusion criteria were concomitant head injury, malignancy, history of psychiatric disease, or age <18 years.

Assessment of prognostic factors

Sociodemographic variables, somatic and psychopathological events, and family history were assessed by a questionnaire. The Symptom Check List-90-Revised …

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