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Question In patients who have deliberately harmed themselves, which psychosocial or pharmacological treatments are most effective?
Studies were identified by searching Medline, PsycLIT, EMBASE/Excerpta Medica, and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register; handsearching 10 journals; reviewing the reference lists of identified articles; and contacting experts.
Studies were selected if they were randomised controlled trials comparing psychosocial or psychopharmacological treatments with standard or less intensive types of aftercare for patients who engaged in any type of deliberately initiated self poisoning or self injury shortly before entering a study.
Data were extracted on characteristics of the patients, type and details of the intervention, and proportion of patients who repeated suicidal behaviour. …
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