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Baseline depressive symptoms were associated with smoking initiation in adolescents
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Question Do depressive symptoms at baseline influence rates and patterns of smoking initiation and cessation at follow up in adolescents?

Design

Inception cohort of adolescents sampled from the community and followed up for 4 years (Teenage Attitudes and Practices Survey [TAPS]).

Setting

USA.

Participants

7885 adolescents (51% boys) who were 10–18 years of age at baseline and lived in households selected for the US National Health Interview Survey (last 2 quarters of 1988 and the first 2 quarters of 1989). 5828 adolescents (53% boys) without baseline depressive symptoms and 1228 adolescents (60% girls) with baseline depressive symptoms were analysed for smoking initiation; 576 smokers (59% boys) without baseline depressive symptoms and 253 smokers (62% girls) with baseline depressive symptoms were analysed for smoking cessation. Non-smokers included …

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