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What is already known on this topic
Suicidal attempts and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) are common and highly recurrent behaviours in adolescents.1 Suicide attempt refers to self-destructive behaviour with inferred or explicit intent to die. NSSI refers to intentional self-injury for a motive other than to die, such as relief of negative emotion. Self-harm refers to either of these behaviours. There are no established, replicated treatments to prevent the recurrence of adolescent self-harm behaviours.
Methods of the study
A meta-analysis was conducted on 19 randomised controlled trials (RCTs), comprising 2176 self-harming adolescent patients, designed to study the efficacy of interventions to reduce the recurrence of self-harm (either a suicide attempt or NSSI). To be included in the meta-analysis, …
Competing interests DB received royalties for book on the treatment of adolescent depression and suicidal behaviour from Guilford Press and for an electronic version of the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS).
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