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What is already known on this topic?
Global Burden of Disease (GBD) is a quantified estimate of health loss as a result of risk, injury or disease.1 Mortality rates along with disability estimates from multiple data sources provides a rank ordering of significant health-related issues contributing to disease burden globally. More than 13% of GBD is due to neuropsychiatric and substance use disorders.2
What does this paper add?
Burden of mental and substance use disorders increased by 37% between 1990 and 2010 primarily due to population growth and an ageing global population.
Mental and substance use disorders are the fifth leading cause of global disability-adjusted life years, but the leading cause of non-fatal burden of disease years lost due to disabilities.
Several mental and substance use disorders are miscoded and included in estimates of medical mortality or morbidity rates. An example of this includes narcotic overdoses, which are categorised as a cardiovascular or neurological self-harm event or an accidental death.
A self-identified limitation included acknowledgement that fewer web-based …
Competing interests None.
For reference list, see online version at http://ebmh.bmj.com.