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What is already known on this topic?
The greatest burden of the common mental disorders (CMD) of depression and anxiety is experienced by people living in low-income and middle-income countries.1 ,2 International expert groups believe that training primary healthcare workers to recognise people experiencing CMD and to implement standardised intervention packages is a priority for the reduction of this burden.1–3
What does this paper add?
The study improved on previous studies by using a cluster randomised controlled design, by focusing on harder to recognise, non-psychotic—rather than psychotic—disorders and by separating evaluation and training functions.
Workers who have not been trained are generally unable to recognise depression and anxiety in clinic attendees.
These data demonstrate that short, postservice structured training involving active learning opportunities can increase the capability of primary healthcare workers in low-income countries to diagnose CMD and to distinguish it from other conditions.
The study aim (stated only in the Abstract), to examine the impact of a mental health training package on …
Competing interests None.
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