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Review: no clear benefit from information and communication technology-delivered support and education compared with standard care in people with schizophrenia

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Question: How effective are information and communication technologies (ICT) in delivering psychoeducational interventions to people with schizophrenia and related disorders?


Primary outcomes: Patient compliance with medications and treatment; global state as indicated by relapse and time to relapse, or the outcome of ‘no clinically significant change in the global state’. Global state was assessed in the studies by the Global Assessment of Functioning scale (GAF, a 100-point scale with 10 point intervals where 1–10 is most severe and 91–100 the healthiest), or social disability screening schedule (SDSS, higher scores indicating a poorer outcome). Outcomes were categorised into short term (up to 12 weeks), medium term (13–26 weeks) and long term (26 weeks or over).


Design: Systematic review with meta-analysis.

Data sources: Cochrane Schizophrenia Group Trials Register (updated by searches of major databases, and hand searches of conference proceedings and journals) searched from inception to September 2010 for randomised controlled trials (RCTs). Reference lists of indentified articles were hand-searched and authors of relevant studies were contacted for additional studies.

Study selection and analysis: Three …

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  • Sources of funding University of Turku, Finland; University of Nottingham, UK.


  • Competing interests None.

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