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Parental ADHD affects parent and child outcomes of parental friendship coaching

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Does parental attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) predict child and parent outcomes of parental friendship coaching?


62 children (6–10 years old) with confirmed diagnoses of ADHD and one parent for each of the children. Children with a pervasive developmental disorder, full Scale IQ<70 or verbal IQ<75 were excluded. Participants had taken part in a randomised controlled trial comparing parental friendship coaching versus control (no coaching). Parental friendship coaching was a parent training intervention aimed at improving the children's friendship skills. The participating families were recruited from local schools, clinics and paediatrics offices.


USA; time period not stated.

Prognostic factors

Parental ADHD symptoms and parent-child interactions. The parents completed an 18-item Current Symptoms Scale to provide a measure of ADHD symptoms (inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity) at baseline. Parent-child interactions were observed in laboratory-based playgroups.


Children's social functioning and parental coaching behaviours. For the first outcome, the researchers used teacher ratings of the children's social functioning using the Dishion Social Acceptance Scale, which is based on …

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  • Sources of funding National Institute of Mental Health.


  • Competing interests None.

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