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‘Timid to Tiger’ group parenting training reduces anxiety diagnoses in 3–9-year-olds

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Does a cognitive-behavioural based group parenting intervention relieve anxiety in children with anxiety disorders?


Families of 74 children below 9 years of age (range 2.7–9 years, average 6.6 years) who had levels of anxiety at or above clinical cut-off of Parent Reported Child Behavior Checklist and appeared likely to have an anxiety disorder on preliminary interview with a clinical psychologist. Parents or children with moderate to severe learning difficulties were excluded, as were children with moderate to severe autistic spectrum disorder (assessed by clinical psychologist).


The Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Facility, Manchester, UK; recruitment 2006–2008.


‘Timid to Tiger’ parenting intervention or waiting list control for 10 weeks. The parenting intervention was a manualised, group, 10-session course for parents. It was delivered by two clinical psychologists and attended by three to seven families per course. The course targeted providing children with a warm, calm and predictable home environment and helping parents to manage children's anxiety symptoms using cognitive-behavioural skills.


Child's anxiety diagnosis assessed by a blinded diagnostic interview (Anxiety Disorders Interview …

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  • Sources of funding The first author received support from the Medical Research Council.


  • Competing interests None.

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