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Moderate or high physical activity lowers the risk of cognitive impairment in older people

Statistics from



Is physical activity associated with preventing or delaying cognitive decline in the older people?


3903 people aged ≥55 years identified from a statutory health insurance fund database.


General community, Bavaria, Germany; enrolment 2001–2003.

Prognostic factors

Physical activity at baseline, classed as no activity, moderate activity (activity <3 times a week) and high activity (activity ≥ 3 times a week). Activities included were strenuous activities such as walking, hiking, bicycling, swimming, gardening or other exercise.


Cognitive function assessed using the 6CIT, a shortened form of the Blessed Information Memory Concentration Scale ( The 6CIT includes six questions; scores of ≤7 are considered normal and those >7 indicate cognitive impairment. Candidate covariates in multivariate analyses included age, body mass index, gender, smoking, history of ischemic heart disease and/or stroke, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidaemia, alcohol consumption (≥7 drinks per week), chronic …

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  • Sources of funding The German health insurance company, Allgemeine Ortskrankenkasse.


  • Competing interests None.

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