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Can childhood bullying behaviour predict long-term mental health outcomes?
Participants were 5038 children born in 1981 who had information available from parents, teachers and self-reports about bullying and victimisation at the age of 8 years.
Community setting in Finland and use of medical records. Assessment of bullying behaviour was made in 1989 when participants were 8 years old. The psychiatric outcomes were measured from January 2001 to December 2005 when the participants were 13 to 24 years old.
On the basis of data on childhood bullying or victimisation, children were classified into four groups: (1) never or only sometimes bullied and were not victimised according to parents, teachers and self; (2) those who frequently bullied, but were not victimised according to parents, teachers and self; (3) those who were frequently victimised (but did not bully) according to at least 1 informant; and (4) those who …
Sources of funding Finnish National Social Insurance Institution and the Sigrid Juselius Foundation, Finland
Competing interests None.
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