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Frequent childhood victimisation predicts later psychiatric problems in females

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Can childhood bullying behaviour predict long-term mental health outcomes?


Participants were 5038 children born in 1981 who had information available from parents, teachers and self-reports about bullying and victimisation at the age of 8 years.


Community setting in Finland and use of medical records. Assessment of bullying behaviour was made in 1989 when participants were 8 years old. The psychiatric outcomes were measured from January 2001 to December 2005 when the participants were 13 to 24 years old.

Risk factors:

On the basis of data on childhood bullying or victimisation, children were classified into four groups: (1) never or only sometimes bullied and were not victimised according to parents, teachers and self; (2) those who frequently bullied, but were not victimised according to parents, teachers and self; (3) those who were frequently victimised (but did not bully) according to at least 1 informant; and (4) those who …

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  • Sources of funding Finnish National Social Insurance Institution and the Sigrid Juselius Foundation, Finland


  • Competing interests None.

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