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Review: exercise may moderately improve depressive symptoms

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How effective is exercise as a treatment for depression?


Symptoms of depression (continuous or dichotomous outcomes).



Systematic review with meta-analysis.

Data sources:

MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Sports Discus, Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, hand search of BMJ, JAMA, Arch Intern Med, N Engl J Med, J R Soc Med, Compr Psychiatry, Br J Psychiatry, Acta Psychiatr Scand, Br J Sports Med and of bibliographies of all retrieved articles; search to March 2007.

Study selection and analysis:

Two reviewers independently selected and appraised randomised controlled trials of any type of exercise …

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  • Source of funding: NHS Lothian, University of Edinburgh, UK