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Individual placement and support improves employment of young people with first episode psychosis

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What is the effectiveness of individual placement and support in young people with first episode psychosis?


41 people (mean age 21 years, 80% male) with first episode psychosis (Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-TR Axis 1 disorders-Patient Edition) wanting to find work and with at least 6 months of treatment remaining at the Early Psychosis and Prevention Centre (EPPIC) which provides 18 months of care in total. Exclusions: lack of fluency in English language.


Melbourne, Australia; recruitment October 2005 to April 2006.


Individual placement and support (IPS) plus treatment as usual (TAU) versus TAU alone. IPS had the following principles: focus on competitive employment as an outcome; open to anyone with mental illness seeking work; job searching commences immediately on entering the programme; the IPS programme is integrated with the mental health treatment team; potential jobs are based on participant’s preferences; support is unlimited by time and continues after employment if required and welfare benefits counselling …

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  • Source of funding: National Health and Medical Research Council Program Grant and an unrestricted study grant from Bristol Myers Squibb.


  • Competing interests: None.