- First published July 31, 2008.
web only references 11/3/88
The criteria used to select participants differed, most studies (10/13 studies) required some evidence of alcohol exposure, and this was assessed in a number of ways, including: blood alcohol concentration >0%; Cut-down, Annoyed, Guilt Eye-opener score 1; Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test score >5; National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Addiction definition of hazardous drinking; positive Paddington Alcohol Test score; and self report of consumption in past 6 hours. Most studies did not include people with a high level of intoxication, or people with a diagnosis of alcohol dependence.
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