Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Social anxiety in middle childhood: link with behavioural inhibition when young

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

Dina R Hirshfeld-Becker

Correspondence to: Dina R Hirshfeld-Becker, PhD, Massachusetts General Hospital Clinical and Research Program in Pediatric Psychopharmacology, 185 Alewife Brook Parkway, Suite 2000, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA;



Is behavioural inhibition in early childhood a risk factor for mood, disruptive behaviour or anxiety disorders in middle childhood?


284 children aged 21 months to 6 years, whose parents had been treated for DSM-III-R panic disorder or major depression without panic disorder or agoraphobia, or whose parents did not have major anxiety or mood disorders and had never received psychiatric treatment. Main exclusions: acute psychosis or suicidal behaviour in parents.


Parents with panic disorder or major depression were recruited from hospital out-patient and Health Maintenance Organizations settings and the control group was recruited through community and hospital-based advertising; recruitment 1993–8.

Risk factors:

Behavioural inhibition at baseline (assessed through three age-specific, laboratory-based observational protocols).


Mood, disruptive behaviour or anxiety disorders in middle childhood as assessed by the DSM-III-R or IV-based Kiddie Schedule for Affective …

View Full Text


  • Source of funding: National Institute of Mental Health.


  • Competing interests: None.