Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Cognitive therapy improves post-traumatic stress disorder associated with civil conflict in Northern Ireland

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

Michael Duffy

Correspondence to: Michael Duffy, University of Ulster at Magee, Londonderry, Northern Ireland BT48 7JL;



How effective is cognitive therapy for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) associated with terrorism and civil conflict in Northern Ireland?


58 adults (60% male) with DSM-IV PTSD associated with terrorism and civil conflict. Most participants (81%) had experienced multiple traumas (median of 3 traumas), mainly associated with the Northern Ireland “troubles” (84%), including bombings (40%). The median duration of PTSD in participants was 5.2 years, and most participants (72%) had axis I comorbidity, mainly major depression (64%). Exclusion criterion: needing immediate treatment for another disorder.


Northern Ireland Centre for Trauma and Transformation community treatment centre, Omagh, Northern Ireland; enrolment August 2003 to September 2004.


Cognitive therapy or waiting list control for 12 weeks. Cognitive …

View Full Text


  • Source of funding: Northern Ireland Victims Liaison Unit.


  • Competing interests: None.