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Sachs GS, Nierenberg AA, Calabrese JR, et al. Effectiveness of adjunctive antidepressant treatment for bipolar depression. N Engl J Med 2007;356:1711–22.
Randomised controlled trial.
Sixteen weeks (treatment period only).
Part of STEP-BD (Systematic Treatment Enhancement Program for Bipolar Disorder) trials, carried out in 22 centres in the USA; November 1999 to July 2005.
366 adults (aged over 18 years) currently experiencing a DSM-IV major depressive episode associated with bipolar I or bipolar II disorder. Exclusions: history of intolerance or non-response to paroxetine and bupropion; receiving treatment for substance abuse disorder; or requiring addition of, or dose change of, antipsychotic medication.
Paroxetine (10 mg increased up to maximum 40 mg daily), sustained-release bupropion …
Source of funding: National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). Antidepressants donated by Glaxo Wellcome and GlaxoSmithKline.
Competing interests: None.
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