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Prevalence of non-fatal suicide attempts in black Americans is about 4%

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Q What is the prevalence of suicide ideation and attempts among black Americans?


Embedded ImageDesign:

Cross sectional study.

Embedded ImageSetting:

Black population in the 48 contiguous states, USA; February 2001 to June 2003.

Embedded ImagePopulation:

5191 black American adults (3570 African Americans, 1621 Caribbean Americans) aged 18 years or above, who completed the National Survey of American Life (NSAL), a nationally representative household survey.

Embedded ImageAssessment:

Participants were assessed using the World Mental Health Composite International Diagnostic Interview (WMH-CIDI). Participants were classified as having suicide ideation if they responded yes to the question “Have you ever seriously thought about committing suicide?” People with suicide ideation were then asked “Have you ever made a plan for committing suicide?” and “Have you ever attempted suicide?” Analyses were weighted to be nationally representative, and weighting …

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  • For correspondence: Sean Joe, MSW, PhD, University of Michigan, School of Social Work, 1080 S University Ave, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA; sjoe{at}

  • Sources of funding: National Institute of Mental Health, Office of Behavioural and Social Science Research, National Institute on Drug Abuse at the National Institutes of Health and the University of Michigan.

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