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Review: effects of behavioural parent training and cognitive-behavioural therapy on antisocial behaviour in children remain unclear

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Q Is behavioural parent training as effective as cognitive behavioural therapy for antisocial youth?


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Systematic review with meta-analysis.

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PsycINFO and Psychological Abstracts (search date 2005), reference lists from recent meta-analyses and relevant studies.

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Eligible studies compared behavioural parent training (BPT) (training parents/caregivers in behaviour management principles) or cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) (anger management, conflict resolution skills, social skills training, or cognitive restructuring) versus no treatment or placebo for children and adolescents (<18 years old) with antisocial behaviour (such as delinquency, physical or verbal aggression). Exclusions: unpublished literature; no antisocial behavioural outcome measures; not enough data to calculate effect sizes; or non-significant results. Data were extracted on effectiveness of treatment for reducing antisocial behaviour. Effect sizes (ES) were calculated using Cohen’s d. For each study, overall effectiveness was calculated by averaging effect sizes …

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  • For correspondence: Michael R McCart, 3590 Mary Ader Avenue, Apartment 1138, Charleston, South Carolina 29414, USA; mccartm{at}

  • Sources of funding: Not stated.