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Review: evidence-based treatments are more effective than usual care for youths with psychological problems and maladaptive behaviour

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Q Are evidence-based treatments more effective than usual care for young people with psychological problems or maladaptive behaviour?


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Systematic review with meta-analysis.

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PsycINFO, MEDLINE (1965 to December 2004), Dissertation Abstracts database and manual searches of reference lists of reviews and relevant articles.

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Included studies were English language randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing evidence-based treatments (EBT), defined as any treatment shown to have a beneficial effect in previous trials, versus usual clinical care (psychotherapy, counselling or case management that was part of usual services from the healthcare provider), in children and adolescents (aged 3–18 years) with psychological problems or maladaptive behaviour. In the meta-analysis, …

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  • For correspondence: John R Weisz, Judge Baker Children’s Center, 53 Parker Hill Avenue, Boston, MA 02120-3225, USA; jweisz{at}

  • Sources of funding: Research Network on Youth Mental Health, John D and Catherine T MacArthur Foundation.