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Cognitive behavioural therapy improved symptoms in children with anxiety disorders

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Objective

To evaluate the effectiveness of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) in treating children with anxiety disorders.

Design

Randomised controlled trial with 1 year of follow up.

Setting

Child and Adolescent Anxiety Disorders Clinic, Temple University, Pennsylvania, USA.

Patients

94 children (age range 9 to 13 y, 62% boys) with a primary anxiety disorder who had been referred from multiple community sources including clinics and general practitioners, or were self referrals from advertisements.

Intervention

60 children were allocated to 16 weeks of CBT and 34 were allocated to an 8 week waiting list control group. Children assigned to the control group were offered treatment after 8 weeks. The individual CBT sessions were aimed at the recognition and analysis of anxious cognition and the development of management strategies to cope with anxiety provoking situations. …

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