Table 1

Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of indicated psychosocial interventions implemented with young people up to the age of 25 years

TrialApproachComparison conditionDelivery methodDelivered byRecruitment settingSetting of intervention
Alavi et al36CBTWaitlistFace-to-faceClinician (no info in paper; programme leader)InpatientUnclear
Cotgrove et al53Distal support methodTAU (standard follow-up after discharge from hospital and treatment from their clinic or child psychiatry department)Token/green cardToken/green card (no therapist input)InpatientCommunity
Donaldson et al37CBT/PSTSupportive therapyFace-to-faceFive clinicians and two individuals with master's degreesED and inpatientOutpatient
Eggert et al50MI(C-Care)+ supportBrief screening assessmentFace-to-faceNurse, counsellor, social workerSchoolSchool
Eskin et al42Problem solvingWaitlistFace-to-faceTwo graduate students in clinical psychologySchool and universityCommunity
Fitzpatrick et al43Problem solvingVideo on healthy lifestylesVideoResearcherUniversity and communityUniversity and community
Hooven et al49MI(C-care)+ supportBrief screening assessmentFace-to-faceNurse, counsellorSchoolSchool
King et al46Social supportTAU (could include psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy, alcohol/drug treatment, partial hospitalisation)Face-to-faceLaypeopleInpatientOutpatient clinic
King et al47Social supportTAU (could include psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy, alcohol/drug treatment, partial hospitalisation)Face-to-faceLaypeopleInpatientOutpatient clinic
McLeavey et alInterpersonal problem solvingBrief problem-oriented approachFace-to-faceClinical psychologists
and registrars in psychiatry
EDUnclear
Power et al38CBTTAU (treatment at specialist early intervention clinic for first-episode psychosis)Face-to-facePsychologistsOutpatient clinicOutpatient clinic
Robinson et alSupport and self-helpTAU (sources of help interview, and both groups received whatever support they were receiving in the community)PostcardPostcardOutpatient clinicOutpatient clinic
Robinson et al66CBTTAUOnline (internet based)OnlineSchoolSchool
Slee et al39CBTTAU (could include psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy, alcohol/drug treatment, partial hospitalisation and community service)Face-to-faceExperienced practitioners of CBT and
accustomed to working with patients who engaged in self-harm
Outpatient clinicOutpatient clinic
Tang et al52IPTTAU (usual school counselling)Face-to-faceCounsellorSchoolSchool
Thompson et al51MI(C-Care)+ supportBrief screening assessmentFace-to-faceNurse, social workerSchoolSchool
  • CBT, cognitive–behavioural therapy; C-Care, counsellors care, assess, respond, empower; ED, emergency department; IPT, interpersonal psychotherapy; MI, motivational interview; PST, problem-solving therapy; TAU, treatment as usual.